Maine Poised for Historic Vote: An Unprecedented Plan to Overhaul Electric Utilities


The state of Maine is on the verge of making history by voting on a groundbreaking proposal to completely transform its electricity sector. This proposal, if approved, would force the removal of the state’s two largest investor-owned utilities and replace them with a nonprofit utility called Pine Tree Power. The move is aimed at improving grid performance, lowering costs for ratepayers, and bringing about much-needed change in an industry plagued by customer dissatisfaction and high electricity rates. However, the plan has faced criticism and concerns about potential litigation and the politicization of the power grid. Nonetheless, the outcome of this vote will not only shape Maine’s energy landscape but could also set a new precedent for other states across the nation.

1. An Unprecedented Takeover Proposal:

The proposed takeover of Central Maine Power and Versant Power, which currently distribute 97% of electricity in the state, would be the first instance of both utilities being forcibly removed simultaneously in the United States. This ambitious referendum seeks to replace these investor-owned utilities with Pine Tree Power, a nonprofit utility that would operate over 28,000 miles (45,000 kilometers) of transmission lines. The key focus of this plan is to shift control from corporate shareholders to ratepayers, promoting improved efficiency, increased investments in the grid, and reduced costs.

2. Advantages of a Nonprofit Utility:

The creation of Pine Tree Power would see the establishment of a board comprising mostly elected members, ensuring representation of the interests and concerns of the state’s residents. The nonprofit model eliminates the primary objective of maximizing profits for shareholders, allowing the new utility to prioritize the needs of ratepayers. Supporters of the referendum highlight the potential advantages, including lower electricity rates, enhanced grid performance, and more significant investments to modernize the infrastructure. Pine Tree Power can also access long-term borrowing for capital improvements at lower interest rates, leading to cost savings and greater efficiency.

3. Dissatisfaction with Investor-Owned Utilities:

Maine’s electricity consumers have long been dissatisfied with the performance of Central Maine Power and Versant Power. Both utilities rank poorly in customer satisfaction, characterized by longer-than-average response times during power outages and higher-than-average electricity rates. The proposal to replace these utilities with Pine Tree Power is driven by the desire to address these customer concerns and bring about a tangible improvement in the quality of service.

4. Concerns and Criticisms of the Plan:

Despite widespread support, the proposal has faced criticism and raised concerns among skeptics, including Democratic Governor Janet Mills. One prominent concern is the potential politicization of the power grid if control is shifted to a nonprofit board, ultimately impacting Maine’s energy policymaking. Skeptics also question the projected cost savings, considering the significant financial investment required to buy out the existing utilities. Furthermore, the possibility of lengthy litigation could delay the implementation of the new utility by several years.

5. Potential Impact on Other States:

Given that investor-owned utilities serve around 66% of Americans, the outcome of Maine’s vote holds wider implications for the country. As Maine becomes a testing ground for this ambitious energy reform, ratepayers across the nation will be closely monitoring the results. The American Public Power Association predicts that the success of Maine’s proposal could inspire similar initiatives in other states, potentially leading to a nationwide shift toward nonprofit utilities. As interest in reliable, affordable, and greener energy alternatives grows, the precedent set by Maine on addressing customer dissatisfaction might indeed become contagious.


Maine is on the cusp of implementing a groundbreaking plan that seeks to transform its electricity sector by dismantling the state’s largest investor-owned utilities and establishing a nonprofit utility in their place. Supporters of the proposal envision improved grid performance, lower costs, and greater investments in infrastructure. However, skeptics express concerns about the potential politicization of the power grid and uncertainties surrounding cost projections and litigation. Regardless of the outcome, Maine’s decision is poised to impact the future of the electricity industry, potentially inspiring similar initiatives across the United States.

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